Graph from HechingerEd
These disparities have been known for some time in middle schools and high schools, however, this report reveals that unfair discipline procedures begin as early as preschool. The data, which was collected from 97,000 public schools from across the country, paints a troubling picture:
- Black and Latino students are consistently punished more severely than white students for the same infractions.
- Nearly 50 percent of preschool children who are suspended multiple times are black, yet black children represent less than one-fifth of the preschool population.
- Black students are far more likely to be referred to law enforcement or arrested for a school-based offense than white students or other students of color.
- Black girls are suspended at a much higher rate than girls of any other race.
- Students with disabilities, who represent only 12 percent of the public school population, account for almost 60 percent of students who are placed in seclusion.