While school campuses are home to fights and violence between students, new research has found that dangers exist off campus as well. A rising number of investigations and reports are beginning to question the safety of public school buses. Considering that 47 percent of public school students use the bus to travel to and from school, many parents are expressing concern about the safety of their local school's bus system.
Are Public School Buses Safe?
In exploring the specific dangers faced by children utilizing the school bus system, the American Public Health Association
(APHA) has found increases in violence on school buses, including verbal, physical, emotional, and sexual violence between students. While there are no major data reports on the total incidences of bus violence occurrences, BJC School Outreach conducted a private survey to question students of all ages about their fears and concerns of violence. According to the surveys, school buses are the second most likely location wherein a student may encounter bullying
and / or harassment.
What Causes School Bus Dangers?
As the Public School Parent's Network
reports, safety aboard a school bus is a mirror of the surrounding community. According to investigations, many school bus stops have become unsupervised hangout areas where children become vulnerable. Adding to this, "The bus ride has become a potentially volatile situation where 20 to 30 children are placed within a confined space, with limited supervision, and very little protection." With so many children forced together with only one adult supervisor, the bus driver, it is not surprising to learn that there are rising outbreaks of student misbehavior
One of the leading problems associated with bus safety and control is related to driver training. While school bus drivers are required to obtain a chauffeur's license and pass specific background evaluations, most bus drivers are not provided with any type of childhood behavior management training. As a result, many believe that bus drivers are generally not equipped or prepared to deal with the potential issues that can arise amidst groups of unsupervised students.
An effort to combat this concern has sparked some school communities to install cameras on school buses, ensuring that students are monitored and punished for any irresponsible acts. Yet, even with this step, some critics argue that cameras are not powerful enough to solve the dangers on buses. As the American Public Health Association reminds community members, a mere camera lens cannot capture every activity on a school bus; if a student is outside of a lens' range, then the student is essentially free from being monitored.
Creating Safer Standards for Public School Buses
More than 24 million students are reported to ride the 440,000 available public school buses each year, and many of these students have no other options for getting to and from school. Fortunately, experts believe that the violence occurring on some of the public school buses can be solved and avoided.
Foremost, experts believe that bus drivers should be provided with more training opportunities, allowing drivers to learn more strategies for managing student behavior. Adding to this, as the APHA further reveals, student reports claim that when a bus driver establishes a bond with students, the overall behavior of students
on a driver's bus tends to be much more positive. As a result, the APHA suggests, "Working to improve the overall climate in schools and developing a positive school culture is essential to safety for students both in school and on buses."
Adding to these steps, the APHA also recommends bus-safety measures that include:
Assign seats for students on buses prone to misbehavior
Ensure that negative behavior is followed with consequences
Recognize and praise positive behavior
to become active by meeting the driver
Enforce policies that rewards positive steps, instead of just negative punishments
Allow bus drivers to enter into classrooms so that students can relate to the drivers in a different environment
Provide troublemakers with opportunities to become positive leaders / peacemakers
Violence on school buses has a direct relationship with violence on campus. With parents and school leaders actively teaching students about the definitions and actions of bullying, experts believe that a school community can foster a stronger climate of safety and respect. Specifically, school leaders should teach students about the five different forms of bullying
, which include verbal, emotional, gender, cyber, and physical bullying. Once this information has been clearly presented, a school community must subsequently outline and enforce clear consequences for any misbehavior.