Paupers and Princes: Economic Inequality at Public Schools

Updated |
Paupers and Princes: Economic Inequality at Public Schools
The economic divide between our nation's public school students is growing wider and deeper. Learn about a new federal report that reveals the growing ranks of poverty-stricken public schools.
For decades, studies have shown that schools with a high number of students living in poverty do not experience the same academic success as schools in wealthier districts. Many programs have been instituted to narrow the gap since the "War on Poverty" was launched by President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1965 and the Elementary and Secondary School Act of 1965 was established.
Unfortunately, recent reports show that instead of narrowing the poverty gap, there is a growing divide between low and high-income students at public schools.
The Condition of Education 2010
The Condition of Education 2010 has recently been released by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES). This annual report is federally mandated to provide an assessment of the condition of the educational system in the United States. This year's findings were sobering, as they indicate that the gap between high and low-poverty schools is a widening one.
According to the report, high-poverty schools are defined as institutions where at least 75% of the students enrolled are eligible for the free or reduced-price lunch program. Approximately 6 million elementary students and one million secondary students are enrolled in high-poverty schools today.
This video looks at the disparity between rich and poor school districts.
Characteristics of High-Poverty Schools
The NCES report looks at a variety of characteristics of high-poverty schools, including:
The report compares high-poverty schools to low-poverty counterparts to determine the differences between the two.
Report Findings
According to highlights of the report, the number of high-poverty schools has risen since the beginning of the century. During the 1999-2000 school year, 15% of elementary and 5% of secondary schools were classified as high-poverty institutions. By the 2007-2008 academic year, that number had risen to 20% and 9%, respectively.
The Associated Press reported that while the average of high poverty schools rose during that time frame, the poverty rate of children rose at a much slower rate. The AP report predicted that the discrepancy might have been due to the fact that more children were signing on for the free lunch program in the latter part of the decade than in the earlier years.
Other findings include:
  • Cities were more likely to have a higher percentage of high-poverty schools than rural or suburban school districts.
  • The southern and western part of the country saw some of the largest numbers of high-poverty schools, with the highest percentages in Mississippi, Louisiana, New Mexico, the District of Columbia, and California.
  • Students at high-poverty schools were more likely to be minorities and have limited English proficiency.
  • High-poverty schools see an average high school graduation rate of 68%, while the graduation rate at low-poverty schools is 91%.
  • Only 28% of high school graduates from high-poverty schools enrolled in four-year universities, compared to 52% of graduates from low-poverty schools.
Daria Hall, the director of K-12 policy development at the Education Trust, told the Associated Press that students in high-poverty schools start slow and are never able to catch up, due to lack of support both at home and at school.
"We take those students who have less outside of school, and we give them less of everything we know contributes to achievement inside of school too," Hall said.
Val Plisko, an associate commissioner for early childhood, international and crosscutting studies at the NCES agreed, "It's a persistent challenge."
This TEDTalk discusses inequality in education.
Challenges of High-Poverty Schools
According to a report on the ASCD website, there are many challenges facing low-income students from getting the highest quality of education possible. These challenges include:
  • Reading Gap – Fewer low-income students are exposed to meaningful reading materials.
  • Conversation Gap – Low-income parents have fewer constructive conversations with their children daily.
  • Role Model Gap – Low-income children are less likely to be exposed to adults with college educations and professional careers.
The ASCD report also cites studies that show that poverty in the United States tends to be deeper and more difficult to escape from than poverty in other countries.
This video from Harvard University looks at the roots of inequality.
The income gap appears to be widening in the field of public education, leaving more students unable to dig their way out of the poverty into which they were born. Without sufficient education, including training in computers and other practical skills, students will not be able to get good jobs after high school that will help them adequately support families of their own. Hopefully, this report will open the eyes of politicians and educators to do more to level the playing field for students across the country.
Questions? Contact us on Facebook @publicschoolreview

Additional Resources [+]
comments powered by Disqus
Which School Is Best: Public School vs. Charter School vs. Magnet School
Which School Is Best: Public School vs. Charter School vs. Magnet School
Newsweek Ranks Top High Schools in the Country
Newsweek Ranks Top High Schools in the Country
Recent Articles
Exploring post graduation options for high school students.
The Common Core State Standards were developed as a means to prepare K-12 students for success in college or the workforce upon graduation from high school. Since their inception, they have been adopted by 43 states. While much support has been given for the standards, many criticisms have emerged as well.
June 17, 2021
The COVID-19 pandemic has turned the world on its head. The effects of the global pandemic will be felt for years to come, though maybe more so in certain populations. Here’s what you need to know about the current state of special education in the United States.
Evaluating Public Schools

Grading and Ranking Schools

Explore the public school grading/ranking system, how it works and what it means. Get latest national rankings and read what critics of school grading have to say. Take a look at the nation’s top performing schools as ranked by U.S. News and Newsweek.