Hebrew-immersion charter schools are slowly opening their doors in several states, but they have their fair share of both proponents and opponents. Learn about the debate and constitutionality of Hebrew-immersion public charter schools.
While many school districts across the country are tightening their belts with smaller budgets, others are considering a broader range of charter schools to address the specific needs of families in their areas. One type of charter school that has gained plenty of attention in recent years is Hebrew-immersion charter schools that teach Hebrew language and culture without bringing religion into the picture. While many school districts have denied such charter applications, others have signed on for Hebrew-immersion schools that are filling quickly in some areas.
Try, Try Again!
In Bergen County in New Jersey, one Hebrew-immersion charter school is hoping the fourth time is the charm as they once again submit their charter application to the state for approval. The school, Shalom Academy, may get its wish in a year when the current state government is hoping to expand choices in public schools. According to a report at NJ.com, this year might be Shalom's best shot at approval.
The Shalom Academy would serve populations in Englewood and Teaneck, two communities that already each host a charter school. It is estimated that the two current schools would have to reduce their budgets by nearly $3 million to create the money needed to set up and run Shalom Academy.
There is also concern that a Hebrew-immersion charter school would take students away from the many Jewish day schools in the area. Some wonder if the separation-of-church-and-state lines are becoming blurred with the addition of a Hebrew-immersion public school. However, Shalom advocates have stated repeatedly that Shalom will be "completely secular."
A similar Hebrew-immersion school opened in East Brunswick recently. We will take a closer look at this school next.
Hatikvah International Academy opened in East Brunswick in September of this year. This charter school initially opened up to grades K-2, with the intention of expanding the student body to grades K-8 by adding a grade each year until the mark is hit, according to the school website. This school already has a wait list for its K-3 enrollment next year, as parents are tuning into the advantages of smaller class sizes and the incorporation of a second language into the school's curriculum.
The school is currently boasting a student/teacher ratio of about 17:2. Fundraising supplements to the public money received should be able to maintain those ratios as the school grows. The diversity of the student population is another draw to Hatikvah, as parents are finding an alternative to some of the predominantly white schools in the area.
Principal Naomi Drewitz told NJ.com that they have fought the same stereotypes currently plaguing Shalom Academy. Drewitz said, "We're always trying to dispel the misconception that we're a Jewish school. But it's hard to convince people. We have a very, very diverse population." The school currently operates in a Presbyterian church near the district elementary school. It will begin looking for a more permanent location in the near future, if it continues on the successful path it has begun.
Moving up to High School
With more focus on Hebrew-immersion schools at the elementary and middle school stage, a proposed charter high school is hoping to capitalize on the growing popularity as well. In October, the Tikun Olam Hebrew Language Charter High School filed an application with the state to serve Highland Park, Edison and New Brunswick. In addition to the core curriculum required by the state, this high school would offer a partial-immersion Hebrew language program.
The school wants to open with 100 students and gradually increase that number to 200. The school believes that its offering of Hebrew language makes it a unique offering for high schools in this New Jersey community. The school is hoping to cash in on Governor Chris Christie's interest in expanding school choice throughout the state. However, they are not without their share of opponents.
Edison Interim Superintendent of Schools, Ronald Bolandi, told the Sentinel he is not opposed to charter schools, but he is concerned about opening one in the suburban areas like Edison. Bolandi said, "I feel it is unfair to the taxpayer. You take 100 kids… that means roughly $700,000 of taxpayer money that is paid out [to the charter school annually]."
New Jersey isn't the only state grappling with application for Hebrew-immersion charter schools. Both New York and Florida have opened similar schools in recent years. However, concern over taxpayer money, separation of church and state and necessity may continue to plague these schools as they seek to find an identity and voice within the public school system.
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